How to live ants - Coloring Pages For Kids
Ants are included in the order "Hymenoptera" and have a kinship with wasps. It is believed that ants first appeared during the Cretaceous period and are an evolutionary product of wasps originating from the Jurassic period.
Scientists estimate ants have lived on the earth for more than 100 million years.
Here is the scientific classification of ants:
- Kingdom: Animalia
- Phylum: Arthropoda
- Class: Insecta
- Order: Hymenoptera
- Suborder: Apocrita
- Superfamily: Vespoidea
- Family: Formicidae
Ants can live almost on all land masses. Ants live in large colonies with a neat division of labor between members of the colony. The colony consists of several hundred to millions of tails.
Colonies generally have one or two fertile females called "queens", some fertile males called "drones", and large numbers of sterile females called "workers".
Queen and male ants are responsible for reproduction. The worker ants are also divided into several categories based on the tasks they do.
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|How to live ants - Coloring Pages For Kids|
Some tasks include gathering food, defending colonies, and caring for larvae, eggs and pupae.
Here are interesting information and facts about ants.
1. Ants are mostly found in hot climates.
2. There are more than 10,000 ant species worldwide.
3. The average life span of an ant is 45 to 60 days.
4. Ants have very strong legs which help to walk fast.
5. The color of ants ranges from black, green, red, brown, yellow, blue, or purple.
6. Ants can lift weights about 20 times their own body weight.
7. Adult ants cannot swallow solid food. They depend on juice (food essence) obtained from solid food pieces.
8. Ants use antennas as touchers and smellers.
9. Ant sizes range from 2 to 7 mm. Carpenter ant is an exception because it can stretch up to 2 cm or more.
10. There is at least one queen in each ant colony.
11. Ants have two stomachs. One stomach to store food for itself and the other stomach is useful for storing food that can be shared with other ants.
12. Ants have the biggest brain among all insects. It is said that the processing power in the ant's brain is equivalent to Macintosh II computers.
13. Some ants can sleep seven hours a day.
14. Ants are mostly omnivores. That is, they are eaters of everything from other insects, seeds, oils and breadcrumbs.
15. The queen of ants has wings when born. This wing is then the date when the ant queen starts building the colony.
16. Black ants and wood ants do not have a sting, but they are able to spray liquid formic acid.
17. Tropical leaf cutter ants use the sharp jaws they have to cut leaves and make them a kind of pulp.
The pulp is then used as a medium for growing mushrooms which become their food.
18. One of the tasks of worker ants is to take garbage from the nest and then put it in a landfill.
19. When an ant worker finds a food source, he will leave a trail of aroma to attract other ants to come to the location.
20. Ant Slave-Maker (Polyergus Rufescens) attacks other ant nests and steals their pupae. After hatching, the stolen ant then becomes a worker like a slave.
21. About 700,000 members can be found in army ant colonies (Eciton Burchelli).