Many of them are poison dart frogs known for their poison used to make poison darts. Beautiful but deadly, do not touch them once!
1. Giant Leaf Frog (Phyllomedusa bicolor)
This frog is very interesting, also known as a monkey frog, secrete a mild toxin that can have various effects, ranging from sedation and stomach acting up to hallucinations.
Amazingly, the Amazon tribes deliberately use it on themselves. They use it to treat burns or other wounds on the skin to get a feeling of refreshment, as well as certain opioid effects.
Simply put, this frog poison can make you drunk! Giant leaf frogs are also under threat from biopiracy because some of the ingredients of the poison may be used in treating AIDS and cancer.
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This frog is the third largest frog of a poison dart frog, about two inches, this frog uses toxins to defend itself and is seen in various colors and patterns.
What is truly unique about these poison dart frogs is the way the indigenous tribes of Guyana Shield make use of them.
They massage the skin of young parrots with frogs, and the toxic effects of frog poison make bird feathers grow in different colors - this is the name of this frog.
These toxins are also used by tribes for the purpose of hunting, however, do not try this in your home.
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3. Red-backed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya reticulatus)
The second most poisonous frog in its genus, after the splash-backed poisoned frog, is a Peruvian red-backed poison frog (Ranitomeya reticulatus) that has a moderate toxicity.
This does not mean you can take it easily, because even though the poison is moderate, it can still make serious injury to humans and kill animals like chickens.
This frog poison is a neurotoxic originating from the ant ants it feeds, then deposited in its skin glands - and made a powerful defense against potential attackers who do not care about the warning colors.
Given the fact that there is only one ground serpent (Epinephelus Leimadophis) that has resistance to this poison and poison from other poison dart frogs, this creature will not be your meal anytime soon!
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4. Strawberry Poison Dart Frog (Oophaga Pumilio)
With its red skin, the little strawberry poison arrow, which is native to Central America, is one of the most beautiful of the species listed here.
The poison is strong enough, causing swelling and burning sensation, but still much weaker than the Phyllobates poison dart frog genus.
Strawberry poison dart frogs get poison from the food that is mites. Mites are a small arachnid species that is the main source of toxic alkaloids found in frog skin.
This means biodiversity in frog habitats affects toxicity of toxins - and thus also affects its ability to repel predators.
Conservation efforts need to consider not only the frog but the mite that supplies its self-defense system.
|Strawberry Poison Dart Frog Coloring Pages|
5. Blue Poison Dart Frog (Dendrobates azureus)
This amazing hunchback frog may not be as tough as the famous Phyllobates among other poison dart frogs, but that does not mean it is harmless.
The poison frogs of blue poison arrows, can paralyze or kill predators that ignore their bright color warnings, and can even be potentially lethal to humans: 2 micrograms of toxic compounds are enough to be fatal, and these creatures have more toxins in the system!
However, like all poison dart frogs, this frog is also native to South America and will lose its toxicity in captivity when it lacks natural food.
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6. Lovely Poison Frog (Phyllobates lugubris)
Also known as the striped poisoned frog, this beautiful Central American poison frog is the least toxic frog in the genus Phyllobates, but still produces a dangerous toxin.
The amount of toxin is relatively low, ranging from zero to 0.8 micrograms, but this frog is still far from harmless and can cause the risk of heart failure in predators who eat it. Do not be fooled by its name!
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7. Golfodulcean Poison Frog (Phyllobates vittatus)
The Golfodulcean toxic frog is strikingly colored and named from the lines on its back. This frog is the fourth most poisonous frog of the genus Phyllobates, containing less than three toxic species in front of it in toxicity.
However, these frogs are seriously poisonous, with toxins that can cause severe pain, mild spasms, and even in some cases, cause paralysis.
It has been reported that tasting these frogs causes numbness in the tongue that does not linger, followed by unpleasant sensations of tightening in the throat.
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8. Splash-backed Poison Frog (Ranitomeya variabilis)
The tree-dwelling species found in Ecuador and Peruvian rainforests, the splash-backed poisoned frog is the most poisonous toad in its genus, with leather secretions capable of killing up to five humans.
The dotted color may look beautiful, but it contains a very clear and simple message: Stay away!
9. Phantasmal Poison Frog (Epipedobates tricolor)
This killer frog is really small but has a toxicity that belies its size. Less than Just a half inch in length, but it's a very powerful punch pack.
Its poison can easily kill predators and human candidates, but it is also unique because of the fact that painkillers that are 200 times stronger than morphine - named epibatadine - have been developed from this frog.
They are threatened with extinction in Ecuador, their natural habitat, the Phantasmal poison frogs are much preserved in captivity by scientists who are also trying to get their toxins. Gloves and face masks are a must!
The Blue Reef Aquarium has been successful in breeding this poison frog, with 26 "born" frogs since 2010. Despite their deadly status, it is hoped that these poison frogs may one day help save lives.
Epibatadine is said to be non-addictive and has no other serious side effects like those of morphine.
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10. Kokoe Poison Dart Frog (Phyllobates aurotaenia)
Phyllobates aurotaenia, also known as the kokoe toxic dart frog, is the smallest of the three most toxic frogs of the genus Phyllobates.
Like its sister species, this frog secretes powerful batrachotoxins through its skin.
Acid-like toxins, seeping through wounds, and possibly pores, cause symptoms ranging from unbearable pain and fever seizures and paralysis.
So far there has been no confirmed human death, but allegedly could also cause death.
To obtain poison dart frogs of cocoa and related species, tribes from Colombian forests pierce frogs with sticks and place them on fire so that poison comes to the surface, ready to be applied to the end of their arrows.
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The second most toxic frog on Earth is a black-legged poisoned arrow frog, or Phyllobates bicolor, found in western Colombia.
It is slightly smaller than Phyllobates terribilis and its toxicity is not as strong as Phyllobates terribilis, but equally dangerous.
Enough 150 micrograms of the poison needed to kill a person, and human death has been confirmed. Batrachotoxin causes fever, extreme pain, seizures and, ultimately, death with respiratory paralysis and muscle.
The black-legged arrow frog gets its name because often the front legs and the back legs are dark greenish.
Regardless of its toxicity, this frog, like other poisoned dart frogs, is a dedicated parent: the man carries a tadpole on his back, which is clogged with mucus.
While the frog's back is a safe place for tadpoles, a clever predator will soon step away as warned by a bright yellow color.